Plant breeds it's a branch of intellectual property rights in Egypt stated by TRIPS
Agreement (Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights ) of
the WTO (World Trade Organization), then stated it by the Egyptian IP law N.82 for
2002. From Article N.189 to Article 206.
Plant breeds could be defined as the rights granted by law to breeders of plant
varieties when they reach new plant varieties or strains characterized by novelty,
differentiation, homogeneity, consistency and bearing a label of their own.
Plant varieties grown in or out of Egypt are protected whether they are obtained in a
biological or non-biological manner. (Article 189 & Article 192)
The farmer is the first beneficiary of the protection granted by the law to the plant
breeds. This benefit comes from the incentive to invest his money in the development
of new types of plant breeds, which will return the material benefit. Hence, the
wisdom is to include the legal protection of plant breeds. The main purpose is to
encourage capital to invest in this field and to inform them that their funds and
investments in research and development to develop new species of plants are
preserved and will not be lost.
We can say that intellectual property laws strive to provide maximum safety to breed
breeders and to inform them that they can overcome the risks of agriculture, cost and
added cost as a result of creative research based on biological resources
However, these exclusive rights granted by law to breeders of plant breeds are
essential for the benefit of the community as a whole and are therefore protected by
special research and development experiments of the latest agricultural techniques,
reducing the need for government support and encouraging the development of new
plant varieties for farmers and consumers. Time and helps the agricultural progress of
countries in general.